By education and trade, I’m a geologist, having worked now in the professional world for more than six years getting my boots dirty performing hydrogeology, water resources, drilling, geomorphology research, and environmental contaminant transport and remediation work in some of the most remote territory this country has to offer. However, in my push toward becoming an astronaut, one may wonder why I suddenly think it’s a good idea to be working as a radiological engineer and pursuing graduate work in Radiation Health Physics (in addition to my Space Studies work at UND).
Why not study something more direct, like Planetary Geology (Astrogeology)?
The answer, while seemingly obscure, is simple: What does geology, outer space, the Moon’s surface, Mars’s surface, and advanced spacecraft power and propulsion systems all have in common? Radioactivity.
On Earth, (and other heavy rocky bodies,) radioactivity is a natural occurrence. Plants (and even human beings) all beam out radioactive gamma rays from a natural isotope of Potassium. (This is prevalent enough that you can calibrate your instruments to it in the wild.) Even more to the point, radioactive Uranium and Thorium are more common in the Earth’s crust than Gold or Silver. These elements are crucial to determining the ages of rocks.
Now, go farther. As we move outside the Earth’s protective magnetic field, (i.e., orbit, Moon, Mars, and everything beyond and in-betwixt,) cosmic and solar radiation are essentially the greatest hazards an astronaut may face. Radiation shielding and measurement are of primary importance.
Farther still, once a spacecraft travels beyond about Mars, the intensity of sunlight is such that solar panels are inadequate to supply necessary power. Nuclear reactors, (Radioisotope-Thermoelectric Generators, or RTGs,) are necessary.
Plus, in order to get out that far (to Mars or beyond) in a reasonable amount of time, our chemical rockets won’t provide enough kick. Instead, Nuclear Thermal Rockets (NTRs) are about the most efficient way to go, something I’m in the midst of researching in earnest.
Hence, in addition to having experience as a field geologist (for future visits to the Moon, Mars, asteroids, etc.,) being trained to swing a radiation detector around, understanding the exact hazards radiation poses and how it works, and knowing your way around a nuclear reactor are all uniquely suited to space exploration.
Admittedly, it’s an unconventional path, but it’s my path: Riding gamma rays to the stars.